PROPOSED CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS OF THE STOOL AND SKIN OF FIHANKRA

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Article I

PREAMBLE

We the members of FIHANKRA, having reviewed the history of the African people and noting with great dismay that period of our descent from majesty which resulted in the capture, enslavement and forced exile of a sizable percentage of our native population;

And, after considering with trepidation the subsequent stripping of customary authority and protection from those ancestors so captured and enslaved and the resulting deprivation of their birthright as Africans to life, land, liberty and the security of family;

By the power of our Almighty African Creator and in the spirit of fraternity, cooperation and determination to assist in the re-integration of Africa with the members of the African Diaspora for the benefit of this generation and posterity, we do hereby affirm and give to ourselves as Diasporans and African people this constitution.

HISTORY

December 9, 1994, an African centered spiritual process of purification and healing was begun in Ghana that heralded the potential for new beginnings, and set a course for our forward march into the 21st century. More than three thousand people participated in the inaugural,

“Fihankra Ceremony of a Stool and Skin,” performed in Accra as part of Panafest 94. Fihankra signifies the “concept of completeness and indivisibility.” It means “a house which is safe,” or, “security in the house.” The circular design of Fihankra “is believed to reinforce its meaning of completeness and indivisibility.” The circle is regarded as the “aboriginal symbol of the perfection of Creation, for like Creator, the circle has no beginning and thus no end.” The Creator, Nyame, is therefore the All in All. Both the Stool and Skin are sacred symbols of divine authority in which resides the very spirit and soul of the people.

The Fihankra ceremony was intended to restore to Africans born in the Diaspora two sacred symbols in one to reaffirm the cultural and spiritual ties to Africa that have been denied to us for so long. The ceremony was a sign that Africans in Africa see the need to reach out across the Atlantic to reconnect with peoples of African descent living in the Diaspora as we struggle to reclaim a sense of our African heritage. A delegation from Ghana visited the United States during the summer of 1995 to follow-up and to bring this ritual process of the Purification of Fihankra to those people who could not be in Ghana for the historic inaugural ceremony. They came under the theme: “Fihankra: Reuniting The Divided House.”

Led by, Odeneho Nana Oduro Numapau II, the late president of the Ghana National House Of Chiefs. Africans from Africa and African in the diaspora reached out to touch each other across age-old barriers of time, distance, fear and mistrust. Both, outside of Africa and on the continent, the lesson of Fihankra is the learning how to do things in the right way. The idea of Fihankra offers the potential to open forever that once closed Door of No Return.

Article II

1.Membership and Structure:
Membership is open to all African individuals from the sixth region designated by the African Union and all other areas of the world where Africans were enslaved.

Two classes of membership are:

Regular members: A regular member of the FIHANKRA Stool and Skin; is any person who is a descendant of an African born in the Diaspora as a direct result of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Countries include: Brazil, Guyana, Trinadad, Tobogo, Grenada, Barbados, Jamaica, Cuba, Mexico, Virgin Island, Santa Domingo, Antigua, Puerto Rico, Canada, Europe, Central America, United States, Australia etc.

Associate members: shall be comprised of co-opted African people, born or raised in the Diaspora, who has distinguished themselves through African Diaspora culture and customs.

2. An Oath of allegiance is required of all members:
Oath of Allegiance to the Stool and Skin of Fihankra:”I hereby declare, on oath, that I will support and adhere to the Constitution and bylaws of the Stool and Skin of Fihankra against all enemies, African or non African; and that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will perform work of importance under official direction when required by the Fihankra Governing Council; and that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; so helped by our African Creator.”

Conflicts Of Interest: Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin who owe allegiance to a government or government agency, NGO, or clandestine organization that would impair the mission and goals of the Fihankra people are prohibited from holding any official position of the Fihankra Stool and Skin.

Structure

There are 16 positions that we have combined African Traditional titles with modern contemporary positions. These 16 positions constitute a regional governors council. there are 10 regions in Ghana thus 160 seats to be filled. Compensation for the faithful execution of the office shall be 5 acres of land bequeathed to the Fihankra Stool and Skin.

1. Fihankra Governing Councils Committee of the Whole

Fihankra Governing Council committee of the Whole shall consist of members of the governing council from each of the ten regions in Ghana. The committee of the whole shall elect or select A Chairman, 10 Vice Chairs one from each region in Ghana, 10 General Secretaries one from each region in Ghana , 10 Treasurers one from each region in Ghana, 10 Publicity Secretaries one from each region in Ghana, 10 Special Duty Directors one from each region in Ghana and 2 Standing Committee members from each of the Standing Committees of the respective regions.

Each region shall have female and male members elected from the respective regions through a democratic process.

Fihankra Regional Governing Councils shall exist one in each of the political regions of Ghana.

Volta Region, Greater Accra Region, Central Region, Brong-Ahofo Region, Ashanti Region
Eastern Region, Western Region, Upper West Region, Upper East Region, Northern Region

Regional councils shall consist of following 16 positions.
1. (Ohene) Chairman: Represents Fihankra Stool and Skin as Chief for matters with traditional African institutions – i.e. Ghana National House of Chiefs etc., Presides over meetings of the Governing council.
2. (Wulanaa) Vice chair : assumes duty of the Chair when chair is absent
3 (Obaahemaa) Human Relations Manager
4. (Nkosuohene) Planning and Development
5. ((Malgunaa) Parlimentarian/Grievances
6. (Kpanalanaa) Security
7. (Asafoakye) Youth Director
8. (Okyeame) Linguist\Interpreter spokesperson –
9. (Lunguaa) Historian/archivist
10.(Shiketele) Treasurer
11.(Bomaahene) Entertainment etc –
12.(Gyasewahene) Public Relations –
13.(Adontehene) Secretary General –
14.(Gyashene) Property Manager –
15.(Odikrohene) Special assistant to the chair
16.( Twafoohene ) Path Finder – one who seeks new avenues and keeps things current –

Compensation for Office Holders
1. Be it ordained by the authority aforesaid, That there shall be elected or selected from time to time by Fihankra members, a governing council, whose commission shall continue in force for the term of seven years, unless sooner revoked by a two/thirds vote of the Fihankra members of the region he/she represents; he/she shall reside in the district, and have a freehold estate therein of 5 acres of land, for the exercise of their office.

2. There shall be appointed/elected from time to time by Fihankra members, a secretary, whose commission shall continue in force for seven years unless sooner revoked; he shall reside in the district, and have a freehold estate therein of 5 acres of land, compensation for the faithful exercise of their office. It shall be their duty to keep and preserve the records and rules passed by the governors council and the general conference, and the public records of the district, and the proceedings of the governors in their executive department, and transmit authentic copies of such acts and proceedings, within six months, to the Secretary of General conference: There shall also be appointed a court to consist of three impartial judges, one selected by each party in conflict and the third impartial judge selected by the Governing council of the respective region, who shall have a common law jurisdiction, and reside in the district.

3. The governors or a majority of them, shall adopt and publish in the district such laws of the Fihankra Stool and Skin, criminal and civil, as adhered to the the laws of the republic of Ghana and may be necessary and best suited to the circumstances of the district, and report them to governors council from time to time: which laws shall be in force in the district until the organization of the General Conference therein, unless disapproved of by majority members of the governors council; but afterwards the general conference shall have authority to alter them as they shall think fit.

DRAFT – FOR DISCUSSION –
THE NEW FIHANKRA STRUCTURE

Several suggestions have been given for a new structure. The general consensus is to go with a group structure more formally known as committees or task forces. Below is a list of suggested Task Forces and committees (hereafter referred to as TF) that we want to build on and incorporate into the new structure at Fihankra. There was a suggestion to rotate on each member of the task force after the first year (minimum) until a state of normalcy, Fihankra reestablishment, reputation, rebuild and retention can take place first.

2. Fihankra Task Force Committees

1. FINANCE TASK FORCE

The purpose is to setup modern integrated automated financial management and accounting practices at all levels that will ensure greater financial accountability and transparency to the citizens of Fihankra and will reduce the possibility of financial mismanagement and loss. The head of this group would sit on The Fihankra Governing Council. At least one resident of Fihankra should be on this TF. At least one US resident should be on this TF.

2. HOUSING, LAND & COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT TASK FORCE

To provide the decent, safe, secure and sanitary housing with moral advancement and family unification as an instrument of protection for the stability of the community. To advance the economic development of the community. To establish land divisions, over see site plans and establish infrastructure for the diasporas. Establish agricultural land to feed the community. The head of this group would sit on The Fihankra Governing Council.

3. MEN’S TASK FORCE
Compiled of the men of Fihankra, collectively uniting the men, recruiting men, men’s activities. The head of this group would sit on The Fihankra Governing Council.

4.WOMEN’S TASK FORCE
The head of this group would sit on The Fihankra Governing Council.

5.YOUTH TASK FORCE
Compiled of Fihankra youth, recruits and unite the youth for activities. Initiate programs for young people of all ages that will instill in them the core values of good hardworking people. The head of this group would sit on The Fihankra Governing Council.

6.PUBLIC RELATIONS TASK FORCE
Retention, recruitment, USA PR, UK PR, Caribbean PR, Africa PR, Akwamu PR.

One representative of each of the seven TF’s above will sit on this council. Each will give a report of what their corresponding TF is doing. These seven individuals will oversee and represent for Fihankra.

Standing Committees:
Research & investigations Committee
Public Relations,Communication and publicity Committee
Environmental Safety and Health Committee
Culture & Conflict Resolution Committee
Capital, economics, & Funds Committee
Fihankra National Security Committee
Fihankra Resources Committee
Infrastructure and land Development committee
Fihankra Social Structure Committee
Food safety and security committee
Wisdom and education committee
Fihankra Mental Health Committee
Tribal bonds and Relationships committee
Fihankra Women Committee
Fihankra Men’s Committee
Fihankra Youth Committee

5. Networking and Social Media
In view of the short period of time for in depth discussion during the Fihankra General Conference and Bearing in mind the need for exhaustive discussion on issues facing the Repatriation Movement today: Social media shall be utilized to create a more interactive group where members can interact, vote or express their views on issues of importance, communicate and share information. Yahoo, gmail, whatsapp, facebook, email groups and other forms of social media in addition to other forms of communication will be used.

ARTICLE III

Rules of Procedure of General Conference
Contents
I. Sessions II. Agenda III. Representation of Members IV. Credentials V. Representation of Other Organizations and of States not Members of Fihankra VI. Chairs, Vice-Chairs and Chairman of the Committee of the Whole VII. Secretariat VIII. Committees of the General Conference IX. Minute of Silent Prayer or Meditation X. Conduct of Business at Plenary Meetings of the General Conference Xl. Voting XII. Voting in Elections XIV. Elections to the Governing Council XV. Languages and Records XVI. Admission of New Members XVII. Amendment of the Statute XVIII. Amendment, Suspension and Interpretation of Rules

I. Sessions
A. Regular sessions
B. Special sessions

Rule 1. Date of sessions
The General Conference of Fihankra “– shall meet in regular 4 year annual sessions which shall be convened on a date, set by the Fihankra Governing Council Committee of the whole (GCCOW) at its General conference regular session.
Regional Governing Council positions shall be filled by nomination and elections within each region by Fihankra members of that region. Elections shall be held at the regular regional conference sessions.

Rule 2. Notifications of sessions
The Governors Council Committee of the whole(GCCOW) shall notify all Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin, the Sixth Region of the African Union, the specialized agencies, other international organizations with which the Fihankra General Conference has concluded a relationship agreement, non-governmental organizations enjoying consultative status with the Fihankra Stool and Skin and such other organizations as the General Conference or the Governing Councils (GCCOW)may from time to time decide, at least ninety days in advance of each regular session, of the opening date, place and expected duration thereof. Social media and email will be the major method of Notification.

Rule 3. Holding of special sessions
The General Conference shall meet in such special sessions as shall be convened by the request of the GCCOW or of a majority of the Members of the General Conference.

Rule 4. Request by Members
Any Member of the Fihankra Stool and Skin may by writing, request to the Chair and secretary of their respective region to convene a special session of their General Regional Conference. The Region Chair and Secretary shall immediately inform their region Governing Council of Fihankra of the request and inquire whether they concur in it. If within thirty days of the date of the communication of the Chair and secretary a majority of the Governing Council concurs in the request, a special session of the region Conference shall be convened in accordance with Rule 3 and Rule 5 of these Rules.

Rule 5. Date of special sessions
Special sessions of the region conference shall be held as soon as possible but not later than ninety days after the receipt by the Chair and secretary of a request for such a session from the Fihankra member, or of a request from a majority of the Members of the regional governors council, or of the concurrence of a majority of the Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin of their respective region as provided in Rule 4 of these Rules, at a date set by the chair in consultation with the Region Governing Council.

Rule 6. Notifications of special sessions
The Chair and Secretary shall notify all Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin within their respective region, the specialized agencies, other international organizations with which the Fihankra Stool and Skin has concluded a relationship agreement, non-governmental organizations enjoying consultative status with the Fihankra Stool and Skin, and such other organizations as the Governors Council may from time to time decide, at least thirty days in advance of each special session, of the opening date, place and expected duration thereof.

Rule 7. Place of sessions
All sessions of the General Conference shall take place at Conference centers selected by the GCCOW. All meetings of the Fihankra Regional Councils shall be held at a location at or near as can be found to the center of the region.

Rule 8. Duration of sessions the GCCOW shall, prior to each session, fix an opening and closing date for the session.

Rule 9. Adjournment of sessions
The General Conference may decide at any session to adjourn temporarily and resume its meetings at a later date.

Rule 10. Circulation of reports
The regional Chairs and Secretaries shall submit to all their Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin, at least two months before the opening date of each regular session, the annual report of the their Governing Council on affairs of the Fihankra Stool and Skin and on any projects approved by the Fihankra Governing Council as well as reports to be transmitted to the Sixth Region of the African Union or to any other international organization in accordance with agreements or arrangements to be made between the Fihankra Stool and Skin and (a) the African Union, (b) the specialized agencies and (c) other international organizations.

Rule 11. Preparation of provisional agenda
The provisional agenda for all regular sessions of the General Conference shall be drawn up by the GCCOW Chairs and Secretaries in consultation with the GCCOW and sent to all Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin and to all organizations to which notification of the session has to be sent pursuant to Rule 2 of these Rules, not later than ninety days in advance of the session.

Rule 12. Contents of provisional agenda
The provisional agenda for each regional regular session shall include:
(a) All items the inclusion of which has been decided by the General Conference at a previous session;
(b) All items proposed by the Governing Council committee of the whole;
(c) All items proposed by any Standing Comittee of the Fihankra Stool and Skin;
(d) All resolutions and all agenda items which the African Union has referred or proposed to the and Fihankra Stool and Skin which the GCCOW submits to the General Conference, in accordance with the agreement establishing the relationship between the Fihankra Stool and Skin and the Sixth Region of the African Union;
(e) Any item proposed by a specialized agency in accordance with the agreement establishing the relationship between the Fihankra Stool and Skin and that specialized agency;
(f) Election of Members to membership of their regional Governing Council or the GCCOW;
(g) The annual report of the Governing Councils and such other reports as the Governing Councils may submit to the General Conference;
(h)The budget of the Fihankra Stool and Skin ensuing financial period and all items pertaining to this budget;
(i) A report by the Governing Council on the audited accounts of the Fihankra Stool and Skin for the preceding financial period;
(j) Any report to be submitted to the Fihankra Stool and Skin members requiring approval by the General Conference;
(k) The opening date of the next regular session of the General Conference;
(l) All items which the Chairs and Secretarys, in agreement with the Governing Councils, deems necessary to put before the General Conference; and
(m) Other items required by the Statutes of the Fihankra Stool and Skin or the Republic of Ghana.

Rule 13. Supplementary items
Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin, Governing Councils, the Chairs and Secretaries, in agreement with the GCCOW, or the Sixth Region of the African Union may, not later than thirty days before the date set for the opening of any regular session, request the inclusion of supplementary items in the agenda. Subject to Rule 21 of these Rules, such items shall be placed on a supplementary list which shall be sent to all Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin and to all organizations to which notification of the session was sent pursuant to Rule 2 of these Rules, not later than twenty days in advance of the session.

Rule 14. Approval of agenda
The provisional agenda for each regular session, and the supplementary list, together with the reports thereon of the Governing Councils, shall be submitted to the General Conference for approval as soon as possible after the opening of the session.

Rule 15. Additional items
Any items of an important and urgent character, proposed by a Member of Fihankra Stool and Skin or the Sixth Region of the African Union, which have not been placed on the provisional agenda pursuant to Rule 12 of these Rules or on the supplementary list pursuant to Rule 13 of these Rules, shall be referred to the GCCOW which shall report promptly thereon to the General Conference. Subject to Rule 21 of these Rules, such terms may be placed on the agenda, if the General Conference so decides by a majority of the Members present and voting. No additional item may be considered until seven days after it is placed on the agenda, unless the General Conference, by a two-thirds majority of the Members present and voting, decides otherwise.

Rule 16. Preparation of provisional agenda
The provisional agenda for all special sessions of the General Conference shall be drawn up by the Chairs and Secretaries in consultation with their Governing Council and sent to all Members of the and Fihankra Stool and Skin to all other organizations to which notification of the session has to be sent pursuant to Rule 6 of these Rules, not later than twenty days in advance of the session.

Rule 17. Contents of provisional agenda
The provisional agenda for a special session shall consist only of those items proposed for consideration in the request for the holding of the session and items proposed by the Governing Council.

Rule 18. Approval of the agenda
The provisional agenda for each special session, together with the report thereon of the General Council, shall be submitted to the General Conference for approval as soon as possible after opening of the session.

Rule 19. Additional items
Any items of an important and urgent character, proposed by a Fihankra Stool and Skin Member, a Governing Council member or the African Union, which have not been placed on the provisional agenda pursuant to Rule 17 of these Rules, shall be referred to the GCCOW, which shall report promptly thereon to the General Conference. Subject to Rule 21 of these Rules, such items may be placed on the agenda, if the General Conference so decides, by a two-thirds majority of the Members present and voting.

Rule 20. Explanatory memoranda*****
Each item proposed for inclusion in the agenda, except an item proposed by the GCCOW, shall be accompanied by an explanatory memorandum and, if possible, by basic documents or by a draft resolution.

Rule 21. Agenda items requiring ninety days’ advance consideration
No proposal for the amendment of the Statute of the Fihankra Stool and Skin shall be placed on the agenda of any session unless certified copies of the text of the proposal have been sent by the GCCOW to all Members at least ninety days in advance of the session.

Rule 22. Amendment and deletion of items
Items on the agenda may be amended or deleted from the agenda of the General Conference by a majority of the Members present and voting.

Rule 23. Composition of delegations
Each Member Organization of the Fihankra Stool and Skin shall be represented at the General Conference by one delegate, who may be accompanied by as many alternates, advisers, technical advisers, experts and persons of similar status as may be required by the delegation.

Rule 24. Alternates
Each delegate may designate any alternate in his delegation to act in his place during the General Conference.

Rule 25. Representation on committees and other subsidiary bodies of the General Conference
Each delegate may designate any alternate or any adviser in his delegation to act for his delegation on any committee or other subsidiary body of the General Conference on which his delegation is represented.

Rule 26. Cost of attendance of delegations
The cost of attendance at the General Conference of the delegation of each Member shall be decided and borne by the regional Fihankra Stool and Skin governing council concerned.

Rule 27. Submission of credentials
The credentials of each delegate and the names of the persons constituting the Member’s delegation shall be submitted to the Conference Director General if possible not less than seven days in advance of the session which the delegation will attend. The credentials shall be issued by the Regional Governing Council of the Member concerned.

Rule 28. Examination of credentials
The credentials of all delegates shall be examined by the General Conference committee meeting for this purpose as a credentials committee, which shall report on the credentials without delay to the General Conference.

Rule 29. Provisional admission to a session
Any delegate to whose admission a Member has made objection shall be seated provisionally with the same rights as other delegates until the General Conference Committee, meeting as a credentials committee, has reported and the General Conference has given its decision.

Rule 30. Representatives of States not Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin
Representatives of organizations within Regions of the Sixth Region of the African Union or of any of the specialized agencies which are not Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin shall be invited to attend the General Conference and may participate without vote on matters of direct concern to them at the approval of the GCCOW.

Rule 31. Representatives of the Sixth Region of The African Union and of the specialized agencies
Representatives of the Sixth Region of the African Union and of the specialized agencies shall be entitled to attend sessions of the General Conference and to participate without vote on matters of common interest between them and the Fihankra Stool and Skin.

Rule 32. Representatives of other international organizations
(a) Representatives of international organizations and States, other than the Sixth Region of the African Union and the specialized agencies thereof, with which an appropriate relationship has been established in accordance with these Statute shall be entitled, if their relationship agreements with the Fihankra Stool and Skin so provide, to attend sessions of the General Conference and to participate without vote on matters of common interest between them and the Fihankra Stool and Skin.
(b) Representatives of non-governmental organizations enjoying consultative status with the Fihankra Stool and Skin may attend the General Conference in accordance with such rules as the General Conference has approved.

Rule 33. Temporary President
At the beginning of each session of the General Conference the delegate from whose delegation the President of the previous session was elected or, in the absence of that delegate, the Director General shall preside until the General Conference has elected a President for the session.

Rule 34. Election of President,Chairs, Vice-Chairs and Chairman of the Committee of the Whole for purpose of General Conference
The General Conference shall elect a President. The President shall, having due regard to equitable geographical representation, propose to the General Conference for election, the names of ten Vice Chairs one from each of the ten regions of Ghana, and the name of a Chairman of the Committee of the Whole. The President, the Vice-Chairs and the Chairman of the Committee of the Whole shall hold office until the close of the session at the next regular session of the General Conference which they are elected.

Rule 35. Acting President
If the President is absent during a meeting or any part thereof, he shall appoint one of the Vice-Chairs to take his place, who, while acting as President, shall have the same powers and duties as the President.

Rule 36. Replacement of the President
If the President is unable to perform his functions, a new President shall be elected for the unexpired term of office of the President.

Rule 37. Duties of the Director General
The Director General shall act in that capacity at all meetings of the General Conference and of its committees and other subsidiary bodies, or he may designate a member of his staff to represent him at any such meetings. The Director General or his representative may at any time, with the approval of the presiding officer, make oral or written statements to such meetings.

Rule 38. Direction of staff
The Director General shall provide and direct the staff required by the General Conference, its committees and other subsidiary bodies and shall be responsible for all the necessary arrangements for the meetings of the General Conference, its committees and other subsidiary bodies.

Rule 39. Duties of the Secretariat
Under the direction of the Director General, the Secretariat shall receive, translate, reproduce and distribute documents of the General Conference, its committees and other subsidiary bodies; prepare and circulate summary records of meetings and sessions; interpret speeches made at meetings; have custody of documents of the General Conference in the archives of the Fihankra Stool and Skin; publish the reports of the meetings of the General Conference; distribute all documents of the General Conference to the Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin; and generally perform all other work which the General Conference, its committees or other subsidiary bodies may require.

Rule 40. General Committee
At each session the General Conference shall appoint a General Committee which shall consist of the President of the General Conference, who shall serve as chairman, Nine Vice-Presidents, the Chairman of the Committee of the Whole and nine additional members selected by the General Conference on the proposal of the President. If the President of the General Conference is absent during a meeting of the General Committee or any part thereof, he shall appoint one of the Vice-Presidents to preside. If any member of the General Committee is absent from a meeting of the General Committee, his delegation shall be represented by another member thereof. No two members of the General Committee shall be members of the same delegation, and it shall be so constituted as to ensure its representative character.

Rule 41. Representation in the General Committee of bodies other than the Committee of the Whole
The Chairman of the Governing Councils and the Chairmen of committees of the General Conference may participate without vote in the meetings of the General Committee. The Chairman of the Governing Council and the Chairman of any such committee of the General Conference may designate the Vice-Chairman of the body concerned to represent him in the General Committee.

Rule 42. Functions of the General Committee
(a) The General Committee shall at the beginning of each session of the General Conference consider the provisional agenda, together with any supplementary list, and shall report thereon to the General Conference. It shall consider requests, made pursuant to Rules 15 and 19 of these Rules, for the inclusion of additional items and shall report thereon to the General Conference. In considering matters relating to the agenda of the General Conference, the General Committee shall not discuss the substance of any item, except insofar as this bears upon the question whether the General Committee should recommend the inclusion of the item in the agenda, the rejection of the request for inclusion or the inclusion of the item in the provisional agenda of a future session, and what priority should be accorded to an item the inclusion of which has been recommended.
(b) The General Committee shall propose to the General Conference the allocation of agenda items to committees and the establishment of any additional committees which it considers necessary. It shall examine the credentials of all delegates and report thereon to the General Conference. It shall make recommendations to the General Conference concerning the closing date of the session. It may revise the resolutions adopted by the General Conference, changing their form but not their substance; any such changes shall be reported to the General Conference for its consideration. It shall assist the President of the General Conference in conducting and co-coordinating the work of the General Conference.

Rule 43. Participation by Members requesting the inclusion of items in the agenda
A Member of the Fihankra Stool and Skin which has no representative in the General Committee and which has requested the inclusion of an item in the agenda shall be entitled to attend any meeting of the General Committee at which its request is discussed, and to participate, without vote, in the discussion of that item.

Rule 44. Creation of committees
The General Conference may set up such committees as it deems necessary for the performance of its functions.

Rule 45. Main committee
The main committee of the General Conference shall be the Committee of the Whole, which shall consider and report on any item referred to it by the General Conference under these Rules.

Rule 46. Officers and subcommittees
Except as provided for in Rules 34 and 40, each committee of the General Conference shall elect its own Chairman and other officers. These officers shall be elected on the basis of equitable geographical representation, experience and personal competence. Each committee may set up subcommittees or other subsidiary organs, which shall elect their own officers.

Rule 47. Reference of agenda items to committees
Agenda items relating to the same category of subjects shall be referred to the committee or committees dealing with that category of subjects. Committees shall not introduce new items on their own initiative.

Rule 48. Invitation to silent prayer or meditation
Immediately after the opening of the first plenary meeting and immediately preceding the closing of the final plenary meeting of each session of the General Conference, the presiding officer shall invite the delegates to observe one minute of silence dedicated to prayer or meditation.

Rule 49. The presiding officer
The President of the General Conference, or, in his absence, the Vice-President appointed by him to take his place shall be the presiding officer of the General Conference.

Rule 50. General powers of the presiding officer
In addition to exercising the powers which are conferred upon him by these Rules, the presiding officer shall declare the opening and closing of each meeting of the General Conference, shall direct its discussions, ensure observance of these Rules, accord the right to speak, put questions and announce decisions. He shall rule on points of order and, subject to these Rules, shall have control of the proceedings of the General Conference and over the maintenance of order at its meetings. The presiding officer may propose to the General Conference the limitation of the time to be allowed to speakers, the limitation of the number of times each delegate may speak on any question, the closure of the list of speakers or the closure of the debate. He may propose the suspension or adjournment of the meeting or the adjournment of the debate on the item under discussion. The presiding officer, in the exercise of his functions, shall remain under the authority of the General Conference.

Rule 51. Voting
The presiding officer shall not vote, but may appoint another member of his delegation to vote in his place.

Rule 52. Public and private meetings
The meetings of the General Conference, its committees and other subsidiary bodies shall be held in public unless the body concerned decides that circumstances require that the meeting be held in private. All decisions of the General Conference taken at a private meeting shall be announced at an early public meeting. At the close of each private meeting of committees and other subsidiary bodies, the Chairman may issue a communique through the Director General.

Rule 53. Quorum
A majority of the Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin shall constitute a quorum at a plenary meeting of the General Conference.

Rule 54. Speeches
No delegate may address the General Conference without having previously obtained the permission of the presiding officer. Subject to Rule 55 of these Rules, the presiding officer shall call upon speakers in the order in which they signify their desire to speak. The presiding officer may call a speaker to order if his remarks are not relevant to the subject under discussion.

Rule 55. Precedence
The presiding officer may accord precedence to the Chairmen of the Governing Councils and to the Chairman or other officer of a committee or of any other subsidiary body of the General Conference, for the purpose of explaining a report or recommendations submitted to the General Conference. He may also accord precedence to the Director General.

Rule 56. Points of order
During the discussion of any matter, a delegate may rise to a point of order, and the point of order shall be immediately decided by the presiding officer in accordance with these Rules. A delegate may appeal against the ruling of the presiding officer. The appeal shall be immediately put to the vote and the presiding officer’s ruling shall stand unless overruled by a majority of the Members present and voting. A delegate rising to a point of order may not speak on the substance of the matter under discussion.

Rule 57. Time-limit on speeches
The General Conference may limit the time to be allowed to each speaker and the number of times each delegate may speak on any question. When debate is limited and a delegate has spoken his allotted time, the presiding officer shall call him to order without delay.

Rule 58. Closing of list of speakers
During the course of a debate the presiding officer may announce a list of speakers and, with the consent of the General Conference, declare the list closed. He may, however, accord the right of reply to any delegate if a speech delivered after the list has been closed makes this desirable.

Rule 59. Adjournment of debate
During the discussion of any matter, a delegate may move the adjournment of the debate on the item under discussion. In addition to the proposer of the motion, two delegates may speak in favor of, and two against, the motion, after which the motion shall be immediately put to the vote. The presiding officer may limit the time to be allowed to speakers under this Rule.

Rule 60. Closure of debate
A delegate may at any time move the closure of the debate on the item under discussion, whether or not any other delegate has signified his wish to speak. Permission to speak on the closure of the debate shall be accorded only to two speakers opposing the closure, after which the motion shall be immediately put to the vote. If the General Conference is in favor of the closure, the presiding officer shall declare the closure of the debate. The presiding officer may limit the time to be allowed to speakers under this Rule.

Rule 61. Suspension or adjournment of meeting
During the discussion of any matter, a delegate may move the suspension or the adjournment of the meeting. Such motions shall not be debated, but shall be immediately put to the vote. The presiding officer may limit the time to be allowed to the speaker moving the suspension or adjournment of the meeting.

Rule 62. Order of procedural motions
Subject to Rule 56 of these Rules, the following motions shall have precedence in the following order over all other proposals or motions before the meetings:
(a) To suspend the meeting;
(b) To adjourn the meeting;
(c) To adjourn the debate on the item under discussion; and
(d) For the closure of the debate on the item under discussion.

Rule 63. Proposals and amendments
Proposals and amendments shall normally be introduced in writing and handed to the Director General who shall circulate copies to all delegations. As a general rule and subject to Rule 67 of these Rules, no proposal shall be discussed or put to the vote unless its text has been distributed to all delegations not later than the day preceding the meeting. The presiding officer may, however, permit the discussion and consideration of amendments, or of motions as to procedure, even though these amendments or motions have not been distributed or have been distributed the same day.

Rule 64. Decisions on competence
Subject to Rule 62 of these Rules, any motion calling for a decision on the competence of the General Conference to adopt a proposal submitted to it shall be put to the vote before a vote is taken on the proposal in question.

Rule 65. Withdrawal of proposals
Any proposal may be withdrawn by its proposer at any time before voting upon it has commenced. A proposal which has thus been withdrawn may be reintroduced by any delegate.

Rule 66. Reconsideration of proposals and amendments
When a proposal or amendment has been adopted or rejected, it shall not be reconsidered at the same session unless the General Conference, by a two-thirds majority of the Members present and voting, so decides. Permission to speak on a motion to reconsider shall be accorded only to two speakers opposing the motion, after which it shall be immediately put to the vote

Rule 67. Proposals involving expenditures
A proposal involving expenditure by the Fihankra Stool and Skin shall not be voted upon in the absence of a report from the Director General on the administrative and financial implications of the proposal and a report from the appropriate committee of the General Conference.

Rule 68. Voting rights
Each Member of the Fihankra Stool and Skin shall have one vote in the General Conference.

Rule 69. Two-thirds majority
The following decisions of the General Conference shall require a two-thirds majority of the Members present and voting:
(a) A decision on any financial question;
(b) A decision on a proposal for amendment to the Statute;
(c) A decision, upon recommendation of the Governing Council, to suspend any Member from the exercise of the privileges and rights of membership;
(d) A decision on amendments to proposals relating to matters referred to in this Rule and on parts of such proposals put to the vote separately; and
(e) A decision which, pursuant to Rules 15, 19, 66 and 102 of these Rules, requires a two-thirds majority of the Members present and voting.

*****Rule 70. Simple majority
Decisions of the General Conference on other questions, including the determination of additional questions or categories of questions to be decided by a two-thirds majority, shall be made by a majority of the Members present and voting.

Rule 71. Meaning of Members present and voting
For the purpose of these Rules, the phrase ”Members present and voting” shall mean Delegate Members casting a valid affirmative or negative vote. Members who abstain from voting shall be considered as not voting. Delegates are regular members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin who have reached the age of 18 years and are registered to vote with the regional governing council in which they reside.

Rule 72. Methods of voting
Except in elections to the normal Governing Council the method of voting shall be by show of hands. Any Member may request a vote by roll-call. The roll-call shall be taken in the English alphabetical order of the names of Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin entitled to vote, beginning with the Member whose name is drawn by lot by the presiding officer. Each delegate present shall reply “yes” or “no” or “abstention”. The result of the vote shall be inserted in the record of the meeting.

Rule 73. Conduct during voting
After the voting has commenced, no delegate shall interrupt the voting except on a point of order in connection with the actual conduct of the voting.

Rule 74. Explanation of vote
The presiding officer may permit Members to explain their votes, either before or after the voting, except when the vote is taken by secret ballot. The presiding officer may limit the time to be allowed for such explanations. The presiding officer shall not permit the proposer of a proposal or of an amendment to explain his vote on his own proposal or amendment.

Rule 75. Division of proposals and amendments
A delegate may move that parts of a proposal or of an amendment shall be voted on separately. If objection is made to the request for division, the motion for division shall be voted upon. Permission to speak on the motion for division shall be given only to two speakers in favor and two speakers against. If the motion for division is carried, those parts of the proposal or of the amendment which are subsequently approved shall be put to the vote as a whole. If all operative parts of the proposal or of the amendment have been rejected, the proposal or the amendment shall be considered to have been rejected as a whole.

Rule 76. Voting on amendments
(a) When an amendment to a proposal is moved, the amendment shall be voted on first. When two or more amendments are moved to a proposal, the General Conference shall first vote on the amendment deemed by the presiding officer to be furthest removed in substance from the original proposal and then on the amendment next furthest removed there from, and so on, until all the amendments have been put to the vote. Where, however, the adoption of one amendment necessarily implies the rejection of another amendment, the latter amendment shall not be put to the vote. If one or more amendments are adopted, the amended proposal shall then be voted upon.
(b) A motion shall be considered an amendment to a proposal if it merely adds to, deletes from or revises part of that proposal.

Rule 77. Voting on proposals
If two or more proposals relate to the same question, the General Conference shall, unless it decides otherwise, vote on the proposals in the order in which they have been submitted. The General Conference may, after each vote on a proposal, decide whether to vote on the next proposal.

Rule 78. Equally divided votes
If a vote is equally divided in voting other than elections, the proposal voted upon shall be considered as not adopted.

***Rule 79. Secret ballot
Election of Members to the Governing Council shall be by secret ballot. There shall be nominations. Other elections shall be by secret ballot if ten or more Members request or if the presiding officer so decides.

Rule 80. Elections to fill one elective place
When only one elective place is to be filled and no candidate obtains in the first ballot the majority required, a second ballot shall be taken which shall be restricted to the two candidates who obtained the largest number of votes in the first ballot. If in the second ballot the votes are equally divided, the presiding officer shall decide between the candidates by drawing lots.

Rule 81. Elections to fill two or more elective places
When two or more elective places are to be filled at one time under the same conditions, those candidates obtaining in the first ballot the majority required shall be elected. If the number of candidates obtaining the majority required is less than the number of elective places to be filled, there shall be not more than two ballots in respect of each elective place remaining to be filled. If in the first ballot for an unfilled elective place no candidate obtains the majority required, a second ballot shall be taken which shall be restricted to the two candidates who obtained the largest number of votes in the first ballot for that elective place. If in the second ballot for that elective place the votes are equally divided, the presiding officer shall decide between the candidates by drawing lots. A candidate who fails to be elected for any one elective place will be eligible for election to any other remaining elective place.

Rule 82. Application of these Rules to committees and other subsidiary bodies
Subject to any decision of the General Conference and subject to these Rules, procedures governing the conduct of business in committees and other subsidiary bodies of the Fihankra Stool and Skin shall conform as far as is appropriate to the rules governing the conduct of business at plenary meetings of the General Conference.

Rule 83. Elective places to be filled
Before the General Conference at each regular session proceeds to elections to the, GCCOW all indicate to the General Conference those elective places on the Council which must be filled so as to ensure that after the end of that session the Council will be constituted in accordance with the Statutes.

Rule 84. Balloting
There shall be a single ballot in respect of region for all the elective places to be filled. The ballot paper shall specify those elective places which are to be filled in each geographical area or group of areas in the order that these areas or groups of areas are referred to in the Statute. However:
(a) If in this ballot a Member of the Fihankra Stool and Skin receives the majority of votes required for election in respect of more than one elective place, the Member shall be considered elected to whichever of these elective places appears first on the ballot paper; or
(b) If after this ballot one or more elective places remain to be filled, further ballots shall be held, to which the provisions in Rule 80 or 81, as appropriate, shall apply.

Rule 85. Invalid votes
In elections to the Governing Council invalid votes shall include those cast for a Member of the Fihankra Stool and Skin:
(a) Whose term of office as a designated Member will begin after the end of the session at which the election is being held;
(b) Whose term of office as an elected Member will not expire at the end of the session in which the election is being held;
(c) Which is ineligible under the Statutes for election; or
(d) Which is not in that area or group of areas referred to in the Statutes in respect of which the election is being held.

Rule 86. Official and working languages
French, Portuguese, and Spanish languages are the working languages provided, however, that if one does use they shall themselves provide for interpretation into one of the working languages. In such cases, interpretation into the other working languages by the interpreters of the Secretariat may be based on the interpretation provided by the delegate.

Rule 88. Languages of records and important documents
Summary records of meetings shall be prepared in English or the working languages. All resolutions and other important documents shall be made available in English or the working languages.

Rule 89. Records of plenary and committee meetings
(a) Summary records of all plenary meetings of the General Conference and its committees shall be prepared by the Secretariat and distributed as soon as possible to all Members. Each Member shall inform the Secretariat in writing, within three weeks after distribution of a record, of any corrections it wishes to have made. All corrections received by the Secretariat within the time limit indicated above and all texts provided in accordance with sub-paragraph
(b) of this Rule shall be consolidated in a single corundum issued for each meeting of the General Conference and its committees during a session of the General Conference.
(c) Delegates may, on special occasions, request that their remarks made at a plenary meeting of the General Conference be set forth verbatim in the record. Such requests may be made at any time not later than three weeks after distribution of the summary record of the plenary meeting at which the remarks were made and shall be accompanied by a text, in one of the working languages, of the remarks to which the request relates.

Rule 90. Records of other subsidiary bodies
The records of meetings of other subsidiary bodies of the General Conference shall be prepared in summary form, unless the General Conference decides otherwise, or unless the subsidiary body decides that no record shall be kept.
Rule 91. Distribution of resolutions and other important documents
The texts of all resolutions and other important documents shall be distributed by the Secretariat as soon as possible.

Rule 92. Consideration by the General Conference
A recommendation of the Governing Council Committee of the Whole pursuant to the Statutes for the admission of a organization to membership in the Fihankra Stool and Skin shall be considered by the General Conference at its next regular session. If such a recommendation is made during a regular session of the General Conference, it shall be considered during that session. An organization whose application for membership has been recommended by the GCCOW may attend any meeting of the General Conference at which its application is discussed, and may participate, without vote, in the discussion.

Rule 93. Applicant organization not recommended by the Governing Council Committee of the Whole
On notification from the Governing Council that it does not recommend an applicant organization for membership, the General Conference may refer the matter back to the Governing Council, together with a full record of the discussion in the General Conference, for further discussion and recommendation or report.

****Rule 94. First budgetary contribution of a new Member State
A new Member organization shall make a contribution to the budget of the Fihankra Stool and Skin for the year during which it becomes a Member. The amount of such contribution shall be determined by the General Conference at the session during which the organization application for membership is approved.

Rule 95. Notification of decision
The Director General shall inform an organization applying for membership of the decision taken by the General Conference on its application.

Rule 96. Date of admission to membership
If an application for membership to the Fihankra Stool and Skin is approved, the applicant shall become a Member of the Fihankra Stool and Skin upon the date on which it deposits an instrument of acceptance of the Statute with the presiding officer of the general conference.

Rule 97. Proposal of amendments
Amendments to the Statute of the Fihankra Stool and Skin may be proposed by any Member.

Rule 92. Consideration of amendments
No proposal for the amendment of the Statute of the Fihankra Stool and Skin shall be considered by the General Conference unless certified copies of the text of the proposed amendment have been prepared by the Director General and sent by him/her to all Members at least ninety days in advance of the session concerned.

Rule 99. Approval of amendments
The General Conference shall not take a decision on any amendment to the Statute until it has considered the observations submitted by the Governing Councils on such amendment.

Rule 100. Modification of amendments
If the General Conference approves a substantive change or changes in a proposed amendment of the Statute, the revised amendment shall not be finally acted upon by the General Conference until at least ninety days after certified copies of the text of the revised amendment have been sent by the Director General to all Members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin and the General Conference has considered the observations submitted by the Governing Councils on such revised amendment.

Rule 101. Amendment of Rules
These Rules may be amended, subject to the provisions of the Statute of the Fihankra Stool and Skin and provided that the General Conference has received a report on such amendment from the appropriate committee, by a decision of the General Conference taken by a majority of the Members present and voting.

Rule 102. Suspension of Rules
Any of these Rules may be suspended, subject to the provisions of the Statute of the Fihankra Stool and Skin, by a decision of the General Conference taken by a two-thirds majority of the Members present and voting.

Rule 103. Interpretation of Rules

a) These By Laws are to be read and implemented in conjunction with the Articles of the Constitution of The Fihankra Stool and Skin.

b) These By Laws may be amended, altered or added to by a three quarter majority of the members present at the General Conference or by decision of the Governing Councils, following consideration of proposals submitted by the Director General.

These By Laws are adopted to take effect immediately following the vote by the General Conference to adopt.

c). In matters of deliberation not covered by these Articles of The Fihankra Stool and Skin Constitution, and which do not contradict the Fihankra Stool and Skin Constitution so adopted, Roberts Rules of Order Revised E-book .pdf shall be the guide for deliberative procedure.

Article IV

Principles and Laws of the Tradition:

• Zero Tolerance policy regarding any use of recreational drugs or the excessive use of alcohol or tobacco. Members who attend meetings or conferences under the influence of illegal drugs will be asked to leave the event, and may find themselves asked to leave the Conference altogether.
• Shall there be a strict rule of privacy within the assembly. No member may ever reveal Fihankra Stool and Skin business to anyone outside the group. Individual Members will never be required to pay a fee for membership but love offering is always welcome, but never demanded.
• There is an urgent need to institutionalize the Fihankra Stool and Skin, with yearly intervals with in each region or country meetings and other activities including sports and culture events to be held in each region.

BE IT RESOLVED, That the members of the Fihankra Stool and Skin so assembled shall and hereby does adopt the Fihankra Stool and Skin of Ghana Constitution and By-Laws set forth in aforementioned articles hereto as the recommended constitution and bylaws for all multiple regions in Ghana.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That the board of Governors shall adopt certain mandatory provisions as may be required by the laws of the Republic of Ghana to the Fihankra Stool and Skin Constitution and By-Laws that shall be amended to take effect after endorsement by the Ghana Minister of Chieftaincy and Cultural Affairs and National House of Chiefs as respecting the principles laid down in the process required for gazette of the Fihankra Stool and skin.

Be so adopted by the following people for Fihankra:

Shabaka Isha Jamaica ______________________________
Curtis V. Murphy US ______________________________
Maanaa Myers Jamaica ______________________________
Mensa Muata US ______________________________
Edwin Armstrong Jamaica ______________________________
Donovan Cover Jamaica ______________________________
Brendon Whittaker UK ______________________________
Yaw Akyeaw Jamaica ______________________________
David Richardson Jamaica ______________________________
Anita Braswell US ______________________________
Shango Baku UK ______________________________